Questel创造了以下16个法律事件组来归并来自不同专利局但是相似的法律事件。


  • OPP - Opposition, reexamination
  • LIC - License agreements
  • SPC - Extension of term of duration of protection
  • RAS – Reassignment
  • ENP - Entry into national phase
  • NOPP- No opposition filed
  • DCS - Designated contracting states
  • ADM – Administrative notifications
  • CCL - Modifications of classification
  • COR - Corrections, modifications
  • EXM - Requests for examination, examination procedures and process, search reports
  • NENP – Non-entry into national phase (WO, EP)
  • NIF - Not in force, lapse, expiration, forfeiture, refusal, withdrawal
  • NMC – Change of name(s): applicant, assignee, inventor, others: opponents, requesters
  • PIF – Payment of fees, in force, registrations, grants
  • RES - Restitution, restoration in force


这些法律事件是可以和法律状态或国家限定组合构建检索式的,比如检索法国有效且发生SPC事件的专利:


EG/ACT=SPC) P (PC/ACT=FR OR CC/ACT=FR) P (STATE/ACT=ALIVE)


这里我们使用P来限制这些条件同时在一个申请中满足,请注意不能使用AND,因为AND的作用范围是整个家族。


这里的PC/ACT表示公开国家,而CC/ACT为指定国,通常用于PCT或者EP申请。